Je současný člověk přirozeně mírumilovnější?
|Title in English||Is Contemporary Human Naturally More Peaceful?|
|Type||Article in Periodical|
|Magazine / Source||Studia philosophica|
|MU Faculty or unit|
|Web||Digitální knihovna FF MU|
|Keywords||violence decline; reason; empathy; value shift; Steven Pinker; progress|
|Description||In the paper I summarize the content of the influential book The better angels of our nature: Why violence has declined (by Steven Pinker) and afterwards criticize Pinker’s analysis of the development of violence in the human history. I present already existing criticism of this book, which shows not only that Pinker’s description of various historical periods is in some respect unbalanced, but also that his general claim about rising peacefulness of society is from a statistical point of view not proven. I also present my own criticism of identified psychological changes that have led – according to Pinker – to unprecedented peacefulness of contemporary people. I argue that we cannot be sure that either such psychological changes really occur (in the case of the rise of the female-titled value system of care and in the case of rising empathy) or that these changes really led to increased peacefulness (rise of utilitarian values and of abstract thinking).|