Organization of ceramic production at a fortified Early Bronze Age settlement in Moravia (Czech Republic) inferred from minimally destructive archaeometry

Authors

PETŘÍK Jan PROKEŠ Lubomír VŠIANSKÝ Dalibor SALAŠ Milan NIKOLAJEV Pavel

Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences
Citation
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12520-016-0370-8
Keywords Early Bronze Age; Pottery production; Moravia; Minimally destructive; Portable XRF; Micropetrography; XRD
Description This paper explores how pottery production was organized at fortified sites of central Europe at the end of the Early Bronze Age. The organization of pottery production in terms of ethnography-based models was inferred jointly by non-destructive multi-elemental analysis, micropetrography and powder X-ray diffraction. This minimally destructive approach was used to explore the mode of pottery production at the fortified central site Bluina (Moravia, Czech Republic). Archaeometry-based indirect evidence indicates that tableware of a specific shape was produced using a specific technology at the site or in its close vicinity and that coarse ware was brought to the site from elsewhere. The results obtained were complexly evaluated and compared with ethnography-based categorizations to reveal the features of production organization of the Early Bronze Age pottery. Multidimensional analysis classified the production as intensified household labour and work of individual retainers, or nucleated corvee, depending on its scale and intensity.

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