Theory and History of Science
Understanding, being persuasive and serving science.
The purpose is to develop and extend a comprehensive knowledge of science, as the most successful form of knowledge, that is based on the relevant facts and that uses effective methods. The objective is to deepen the systematic understanding of the fundamental questions in the fields of theory of science, methodology of science, philosophy of science, and history of humanities and natural sciences. The study programme focuses on mapping the basic lines of the historical development of science and scientific knowledge, understanding the context, historical shifts, and changes in the scientific paradigms. The study programme leads to understanding the fundamental concepts of science: causality, determinism, evidence, idealization, modelling, observation, and probability. It develops knowledge of the structure of theories, scientific methods, inductivism, limits of falsifications, abilities of prediction and explanation, confirmation, essentialism, and the inference to the best explanation. The curriculum design emphasizes the concept of science as a social institution and the role of ethics and values in science. Specialized lectures on thought experiments, the role and applicability of logic in science and philosophy of science, and the history of special sciences are an integral part of the curriculum.
A successful graduate is able to
- understand and explain fundamental problems of the theory, history, and philosophy of science
- independently identify and critically analyse key problems of the areas of the theory, methodology, and history of science and present them to national and international professionals and to the public
- carry out critical discussion with pseudo-scientific and para-scientific attitudes
- describe and explain the basic lines of the development of the theory and history of science in the past and in the present
- carry out independent research in the selected study programme
- identify and contextualize the periods in the history of science in which changes of basic paradigms and historical shifts took place, and place given changes in the social and cultural contexts
Graduates are qualified to work in academic positions or as independent researchers at universities and scientific institutions focused on social sciences or humanities. They can find jobs in areas requiring critical, methodological, and systematic thinking and reasoning, in the institutions of science communication, and in the media. Acquired skills and competencies can be used in editorial work in scientific journals, publishing companies, and in teaching in educational institutes.
Unfortunately no information about admission requirements is available.