Analytic atheism : A cross-culturally weak and fickle phenomenon?

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GERVAIS Will M VAN ELK Michiel XYGALATAS Dimitrios MCKAY Ryan Thomas AVEYARD Mark BUCHTEL Emma E DAR-NIMROD Ilan KUNDTOVÁ KLOCOVÁ Eva RAMSAY Jonathan E RIEKKI Tapani SVEDHOLM-HÄKKINEN Annika M BULBULIA Joseph

Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Judgment and Decision Making
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Filozofická fakulta

Citace
WWW http://journal.sjdm.org/18/18228/jdm18228.pdf
Klíčová slova atheism; cultural learning; dual process cognition; religious cognition; replicability; WEIRD people; culture
Popis Religious belief is a topic of longstanding interest to psychological science, but the psychology of religious disbelief is a relative newcomer. One prominently discussed model is analytic atheism, wherein cognitive reflection, as measured with the Cognitive Reflection Test, overrides religious intuitions and instruction. Consistent with this model, performance-based measures of cognitive reflection predict religious disbelief in WEIRD (Western, Educated, Industrialized, Rich, and Democratic) samples. However, the generality of analytic atheism remains unknown. Drawing on a large global sample (N = 3461) from 13 religiously, demographically, and culturally diverse societies, we find that analytic atheism as usually assessed is in fact quite fickle cross-culturally, appearing robustly only in aggregate analyses and in three individual countries. The results provide additional evidence for culture’s effects on core beliefs.
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