Dispoziční optimismus a defenzivní pesimismus ve vztahu k situační úzkosti a dispoziční úzkostnosti

Title in English Dispositional optimism and defensive pessimism in relation to anxiety
Authors

DOSEDLOVÁ Jaroslava KLIMUSOVÁ Helena MAXOVÁ Veronika

Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Klinická psychologie a osobnost
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Citation
Field Psychology
Keywords dispositional optimism; defensive pessimism; anxiety; trait anxiety
Description The exploratory study contributes to clarifications on relation among dispositional optimism/pessimism (Carver, Scheier, 2002), defensive pessimism (Cantor, Norem, 1989) and anxiety. We collected data from 146 undergraduate and graduate students at the age from 20 to 30. Three measures were used: the Defensive Pessimism Questionnaire (DPQ), the Life Orientation Test (LOT-R), and the State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). The results supported some of hypothesized relations. The defensive pessimism has positive relation with trait anxiety, by contrast dispositional optimism and trait anxiety relate negatively. We found that defensive pessimism and dispositional optimism are different and independent theoretical constructs.
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