Technological and provenance analyses of the south-eastern Urnfield culture pottery from the sites of Cinobaňa and Málinec (Poltár region, Slovakia)

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Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Praehistorische Zeitschrift
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Science

Field Archaeology, anthropology, ethnology
Keywords pottery; technology; provenance; archaeometry; Late and Final Bronze Age; Slovakia
Description Pottery samples from the site of Cinobaňa were chosen for a pilot study of the Kyjatice and Piliny cultures in Slovakia. They come from the cemetery of Jarčanisko I, the settlement of Jarčanisko II, and the hillfort of Strieborná. For comparison, the material from the hillfort of Málinec-Zámok was used. The samples were divided into six micro-petrographical fabric groups which were tested on the basis of the chemical composition using the XRF method. The fabric groups from the cemetery and the settlement are mutually exclusive, except for one group. For the majority of the fabric groups, the use of older crushed pottery as temper was detected. The presence of grog in the pottery may reflect specific technological or symbolical practices by the Late and Final Bronze Age populations. The diversity in the pottery from the cemetery shows the heterogeneity of the production traditions of local communities. The similarities in the micro-petrography and chemical composition of the samples from the settlement point to the economic or social connectivity of the sites studied.