Krumlovský Liber depictus a jeho první čtenář

Title in English Liber depictus of Český Krumlov and Its First reader
Authors

REITINGER Lukáš

Type Article in Proceedings
Conference Karel IV. a Emauzy. Liturgie - text - obraz
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Citation
Field History
Keywords Liber depictus; monastery; Český Krumlov; Peter II. of Rosenberg; biblia pauperum; Prague; Regensburg
Description Liber depictus, a pictorial codex of Česky Krumlov which is enshrined in the Austrian National Library in Vienna under the signature Cod. 370, includes the ‘Paupers’ Bible’ (Biblia Pauperum), two moralist parables, and thirty legends and Marian apocrypha stories whose topics and narrations are presented through a series of drawings, some accompanied by brief commentaries. As far as it is known, the book was in the Franciscan Monastery in Česky Krumlov until the end of the 18th century, and three illustrators from a painting workshop located in South Bohemia produced the series of drawings between 1340 and 1350. Despite the many publications which have dealt with this book, there are many ambiguities about the essential question: when and for whom was this pictorial book compiled. However, unutilised indicia continue to emerge in new – thus far unknown – narratives of some legends which have been targeted by the authors of pictorial cycle scenes or by manuscript commissioners. The most significant contributions are found in the legends about Saint Wenceslas, Saint Oldřich, and Saint Ludmila which among other indicia point to priest Peter II of Rosenberg (1326-1384) as an assumed original owner; this member of a south Bohemian noble family founded the monastery in Česky Krumlov in the mid-14th century.