Effect of Size, Shape and Map Background in Cartographic Visualization: Experimental Study on Czech and Chinese Populations

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Authors

STACHOŇ Zdeněk ŠAŠINKA Čeněk ČENĚK Jiří ANGSÜSSER Stephan KUBÍČEK Petr ŠTĚRBA Zbyněk BILÍKOVÁ Martina

Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Science

Citation
WWW Full Text
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijgi7110427
Keywords cartography; cross-cultural research; geometric map symbols; graphic variables; visual perception; visualization
Description This paper deals with the issue of the perceptual aspects of selected graphic variables (specifically shape and size) and map background in cartographic visualization. The continued experimental study is based on previous findings and the presupposed cross-cultural universality of shape and size as a graphic variable. The results bring a new perspective on the usage of shape, size and presence/absence of background as graphic variables, as well as a comparison to previous studies. The results suggest that all examined variables influence the speed of processing. Respondents (Czech and Chinese, N = 69) identified target stimuli faster without a map background, with larger stimuli, and with triangular and circular shapes. Czech respondents were universally faster than Chinese respondents. The implications of our research were discussed, and further directions were outlined.
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