…rogans eum sibi in auxilium contra superbiam Teutonicorum... Imaging of “Theutonici” in Bohemian medieval sources between the ninth and fourteenth centuries

Authors

KALHOUS David

Type Appeared in Conference without Proceedings
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Citation
Description Both strategies of identification and “othering” reflect the interests of different social groups and their seeking of, or struggle for legitimacy. Both also remind us remarkably of two different models – or mere Weberian “ideal types” – of nationalism, which are traditionally associated with Western, or Central and Eastern Europe respectively and labeled with moral etiquettes. Whereas positive Western “civic nationalism” is based on the identification with state and every citizen is theoretically a member of a national group, in case of negative “ethnic nationalism”, it is shared origin, culture and language, which decide about the nationality. Medieval people were not citizens, but subjects. Though the analysis of selected sources of Bohemian origin shows that these definitions of belonging and strategies of identification were pre-modern and might have established as a result of a conflict among different social groups in one region, which might have found different definitions of belonging useful tool for confirming, or disproving the legitimacy of others.
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