"penes nobilem Vlricum de Rozemberg". Rožmberští klienti v síti Zikmundovy strany

Title in English "penes nobilem Vlricum de Rozemberg" Rozmberk Clients in the Network of Sigismund‘s Party
Authors

REITINGER Lukáš

Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Husitský Tábor
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Citation
Keywords clients of the Lord of Rozmberk; Oldřich of Rozmberg; Sigismund of Luxembourg; Hussite wars
Description The study deals with clients of Oldřich of Rozmberk, i.e. minor noblemen who served Oldřich and who also got in touch with Sigismund of Luxembourg: Matěj Višně of Větřní and his brother Mikuláš, Mrakeš of Radimovice, Mikuláš of Krchleby, Patr Maksant, Chval of Chmelná, Jan of Srlín, Václav of Soběnov, Jan of Kozí, Materna of Ronov and Zdeněk of Rožmitál. Many of the clients were legally classified somewhere between lower noblemen and burghers. The author detailed the reasons why the following noblemen entered Rozmberk’s services and described the process of their hiring during the Hussite wars: Mikuláš of Krchleby, Chval of Chmelná and Materna of Ronov; the author also dealt with departures of Mrakeš z Radimovice and Zdeněk of Rožmitál from Rozmberk’s services. As regards Martínek of Bavorov, the author discovered his more significant and more frequent relationships with Emperor Sigismund than with Oldřich of Rožmberk; Jan Předborův of Radešín shortly served Oldřich too. The author considered Matěj Višeň of Větřní the most significant of Oldřich’s clerks; Matěj independently maintained contacts with Austrian noblemen. Clients were sent to Sigismund as couriers or they accompanied Oldřich of Rozmberk to Sigismund’s court where they could win benefits and privileges for their master as well as for themselves (awarding of noble titles and coats of arms). The paper also discussed the damage suffered by the clients in fights with Hussites and Sigismund’s donations to Rozmberk’s clients which frequently remained unimplemented even after the Hussite wars. The author asked whether these donations, which frequently failed to be enforced at the imperial court of justice, were not intended as purely nominal from the very beginning. Jan of Kozí was, in author’s opinion, the most significant representative of Rozmberk’s clients who was not indemnified. At the end of the essay the author analyses the destiny of Peša (Pecha) of Sedlčany, a Tábor burgher, scribe and courier who visited the emperor during the post Lipany Battle times and who was condemned by Táborers and executed for conspiracy with Oldřich of Rozmberk (through Jan of Srlín). The author demonstrated that Peša had had enough opportunity to participate in conspiracy and he had became rich due to rewards from Emperor Sigismund.
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