Laser flash photolysis study of the photoinduced oxidation of 4-(dimethylamino)benzonitrile (DMABN)

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Authors

LERESCHE Frank LUDVÍKOVÁ Lucie HEGER Dominik KLÁN Petr VON GUNTEN Urs CANONICA Silvio

Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source PHOTOCHEMICAL & PHOTOBIOLOGICAL SCIENCES
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Science

Citation
Web Full Text
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c8pp00519b
Keywords laser flash photolysis
Description Aromatic amines are aquatic contaminants for which phototransformation in surface waters can be induced by excited triplet states of dissolved organic matter ((DOM)-D-3*). The first reaction step is assumed to consist of a one-electron oxidation process of the amine to produce its radical cation. In this paper, we present laser flash photolysis investigations aimed at characterizing the photoinduced, aqueous phase one-electron oxidation of 4-(dimethylamino) benzonitrile (DMABN) as a representative of this contaminant class. The production of the radical cation of DMABN (DMABN(center dot+)) after direct photoexcitation of DMABN at 266 nm was confirmed in accord with previous experimental results. Moreover, DMABN(center dot+) was shown to be produced from the reactions of several excited triplet photosensitizers (carbonyl compounds) with DMABN. Second-order rate constants for the quenching of the excited triplet states by DMABN were determined to fall in the range of 3 x 10(7)-5 x 10(9) M-1 s(-1), and their variation was interpreted in terms of electron transfer theory using a Rehm-Weller relationship. The decay kinetics of DMABN(-+) in the presence of oxygen was dominated by a second-order component attributed to its reaction with the superoxide radical anion (O-2(center dot-)). The first-order rate constant for the transformation of DMABN(center dot+) leading to photodegradation of DMABN was estimated not to exceed approximate to 5 x 10(3) s(-1).
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