Informace jako pojem a pojem jako informace ve světle epistemologie a metodologie

Title in English Information as concept and concept as information in the light of epistemology and methodology
Authors

STODOLA Jiří

Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Knihovna
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Citation
WWW https://knihovnarevue.nkp.cz/archiv/2019-1/recenzovane-prispevky/informace-jako-pojem-a-pojem-jako-informace-ve-svetle-epistemologie-a-metodologie
Keywords information; concepts; definitions; classifications; epistemology; methodology; information science; conceptual analysis; content analysis; interpretation
Description The paper deals with the definition and classification of the concept of information in terms of epistemology and methodology. It is divided into two parts – theoretical and analytical. In the theoretical part, the concepts of epistemology, methodology and method are defined and their impact on particular movements in information science is examined. The paper then poses two basic epistemological questions and four approaches are differentiated: realism, skepticism, subjectivism and objectivism. Their relationship to methodology is examined and some examples of these trends in information science are provided. The notion of concept is defined and four basic approaches are identified: extreme realism, moderate realism, conceptualism and nominalism; some examples of these approaches in information science are shown. The paper then deals with the notion of concept, definition and classification and distinguishes three approaches to these scientific instruments: realism, instrumentalism, and an approach that rejects definitions and classifications. The next section deals with the analysis of four texts written by authors (Bates, Losee, Floridi and Goguen), who are protagonists of the above approaches to the epistemological and methodological issues. It concludes that the concept of information is a transcendental concept that can be defined only verbally, and therefore its continued use in information science should be questioned.
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