Otázka sebevraždy v teologických a morálněfilosofických textech 18. století: příklad habsburské monarchie

Title in English The Question of Suicide in the 18th-Century Theology and Moral Philosophy: the Example of Habsburg Monarchy
Authors

MALÝ Tomáš

Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Cornova - Revue České společnosti pro výzkum 18. století
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Citation
Keywords Suicide; theology and philosophy; 18th century; Habsburg monarchy
Description The text considers attitudes to suicide in the context of questions of sin, conscience and individualization. It traces the changing perceptions of the meaning of these phenomena through theological and moral-philosophical texts, and does so on four levels: (1) suicide as a theme in 17th and 18th-c. theology and homiletics; (2) suicide in the reformist theology of the late 18th c.; (3) the question of penance; (4) the good death and individual responsibility for the salvation. The author shows that in the last three decades of the 18th c., the discourse on the suicide assumed a more psychological tone, with theologians and philosophers increasingly drawing attention to the harm done by certain religious and meditative techniques which in their view overexcited the imagination and could result in melancholy and despair.