The relationship between the age at first computer use and students' perceived competence and autonomy in ICT usage: A mediation analysis

Authors

JUHAŇÁK Libor ZOUNEK Jiří ZÁLESKÁ Klára BÁRTA Ondřej VLČKOVÁ Kristýna

Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Computers & Education
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Citation
WWW https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0360131519301678
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2019.103614
Keywords ICT competence;ICT autonomy;Early computer use;Mediation analysis;PISA 2015
Description Knowledge and skills with information and communications technology (ICT) usage are an essential part of modern life. In recent years, the age at which children have their first contact with ICT and first use of ICT has been decreasing. This can significantly affect the development of their digital literacy. This study investigates the relationship between the age at which children start using a computer and the degree of their perceived ICT competence and autonomy at the age of fifteen. It proposes a multiple mediator model within which the investigated relationship is mediated by ICT usage, ICT interest, and the degree to which ICT is a part of students' everyday social interactions. The model is then tested using data from 21 European OECD countries. The test results show that children who start using a computer at a later age (after the age of seven) demonstrate significantly lower ICT competence and ICT autonomy at the age of fifteen. The results of the mediation analysis suggest that the degree of ICT usage in the home environment for school purposes or activities seems less significant to the development of ICT competence and ICT autonomy than other studied ICT-related variables.
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