Even Hypothesis of PPIs Licensing : An Experimental Study

Authors

DOČEKAL Mojmír ŠAFRATOVÁ Iveta

Type Article in Proceedings
Conference Language Use and Linguistic Structure. Proceedings of the Olomouc Linguistics Colloquium 2018
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Citation
Web online PDF
Keywords PPIs; scalar particles; alternatives; experimental linguistics
Description In this paper, we report results of an experiment designed to map the semantic and pragmatic properties of Czech strong negative polarity item ani "not even" and a positive polarity scalar particle i "even". In the theoretical part, we focus on the positive polarity particle i. We describe its acceptability in different contexts (manipulated for likelihood) and environments (upward entailing, downward entailing, …) as a result of i’s unlikelihood presupposition, building on Krifka (1995) and Crnič (2011). The experimental data lead us to claims concerning embedded exhaustification which in some cases allows i to associate with strong scalar elements even in downward entailing environments. The results of the experiment support the scope approaches to even-type of expressions in natural languages (and brings arguments against the ambiguity approaches to even).
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