Lingvonyma v ústavách postjugoslávských státních útvarů (Chorvatsko, Bosna a Hercegovina, Srbsko a Černá Hora)

Title in English Linguonyms in the Constitutions of post-Yugoslav Countries (Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia and Montenegro)
Authors

KREJČÍ Pavel

Type Chapter of a book
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Citation
Description The text analyzes the constitutional articles about languages of post-Yugoslav countries (after 1992), former „Serbo-Croatian“ federal republics: Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Serbia and Montenegro. In Croatia after 1990 the linguonym in the constitution was no longer altered, the linguistic and media discourse showed of the struggle to purify the Croatian from Serbian language elements (whether real or supposed), which often had a purist character. In Serbia and Montenegro in 1991–1992 the linguonym Serbo-Croatian was changed for Serbian; in 1996 by the law in official contacts was only allowed the ekavian version of Serbian, the new Serbian constitution of 2006 does not specify the phonetic variant. The new Montenegrin constitution from 2007, on the other hand, for the first time officializes the linguonym „Montenegrin language“. The most complex national and language situation was in Bosnia & Herzegovina, and this situation naturally also affected the problems connected with the constitutional articles about language in the constitutions of Bosnia & Herzegovina, the Federation of Bosnia & Herzegovina and the Republic of Srpska. In the defense or support of the languages that replaced the Serbo-Croatian language in the monitored nations, various declarative texts were issued (1994 in Montenegro and 1995 in Australia about Montenegrin, 1995 and 2007 in Croatia, 1998 and 2007 in Serbia, 2002 and 2017 in Bosnia & Herzegovina, and the only one in favor of an antinationalist approach was the second one).
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