Selected personality characteristics and health-related behaviour in relation to postoperative adaptation of chronic cardiovascular patients

Authors

SLOVÁČKOVÁ Zuzana ŠPAČKOVÁ Karolína DOSEDLOVÁ Jaroslava KVĚTON Petr

Type Article in Proceedings
Conference Conference proceedings of the 6th SWS International Scientific Conference on Social Sciences 2019
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Citation
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.5593/SWS.ISCSS.2019.3/S11.035
Keywords chronic cardiovascular disease; postoperative adaptation; personality traits Big Five; health-related behavior
Description Patients suffering from cardiovascular diseases represent more than half of all patients hospitalized at internal wards of Czech hospitals. Some patients need surgical intervention and their follow-up recovery is affected by various psychosocial factors. The aim of this research was to examine the influence of Big Five personality traits and health-related behavior on postoperative adaptation, which was defined as length of postoperative hospitalization and postoperative quality of life. To explore these relationships, the BFI-10 personality inventory, the Health-Related Behavior Scale and the Duke Health Profile quality of life questionnaire were used. The research sample consisted of patients hospitalized in the Center of Cardiovascular and Transplant Surgery. Respondents completed the diagnostic methods during the preoperative period in the hospital. The questionnaires were sent to the respondents a second time six months after surgery. The influence of predictors was then examined using multiple linear regression analysis. Regular regimen and age appeared to be statistically significant predictors of postoperative hospitalization. Postoperative quality of life was influenced by neuroticism and physical activity. Other variables showed no statistically significant effect on postoperative adaptation.
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